Ferrari behavior became more “digital”, but in the end it is only for the benefit of the pilot. Coffee pot efficiently. And, in my opinion, in this case, we have not lost in the taste sensations.
Broke – and thank God. Let it probably will not like potential customers, but I think that in order to maintain the image of a supercar is very important that these imperfections remain. Yes, it is a risk! But otherwise it is not Ferrari, and Lexus LFA. As a product of “four hundred fifty-eighth” – top Italian avtostroeniya. Very fast and juicy, easy management and technology. For the buyer of pure European blood supercar choices than ever obvious. But Italia is obliged to break down and even occasionally disappear in flames accidental fire! So it is necessary for the story. The cars with the prefix “super” continue lived in a special red zone, to enter into that death to more than 12 million rubles. We must be a little fatalistic: Regardless of the outcome heart surgery is matched by an Italian mill, will not be the same again.
At the heart of the car – aluminum space frame made from a combination of extruded profiles and molded items. Zone of high stress, such as attaching pendants, reinforced molded parts. In comparison with the Ferrari F430 design was by 16-20% stiffer in torsion and na7-8% in bending. Front suspension remained two-lever, and rear, as opposed to the previous model F430, used multilever. Increased rigidity of the suspension angle, that is, including their ability to resist roll. But only by increasing the stiffness of the springs and shock absorbers an electronically introducing new Delphi. A stabilizer bars have become softer, which improved smoothness.
Aluminum body structure, including exterior panels, perfectly visible in this long video from the production line Ferrari.
Aluminum V8 engine weighing 227 kg with an angle of collapse Blocks 90 ° – an evolution of the unit Ferrari F430. Working volume up to 4.5 liters by increasing the diameter of the cylinder to two millimeters. The compression ratio increased to 12.5:1 from changing power system with direct injection. Fuel is fed into the cylinder through the side nozzle several times for a series of pressures up to 200 atmospheres. With dry sump masloobmen responsible for five pumps.
Crankshaft crank pins on the racing manners are rotated by 180 °. Much of the height of the engine has the intake manifold with long pipes, inlet air from the two receivers to the cylinders. Receivers of different blocks, as before, connect an optional adapter to control resonance intake and optimize workflow. But now, instead of a rotating drum Electronics operates three valves. Below – of the resonant circuit valves.
Preselektivnoy “robot» DCT company Getrag dual clutch – the same that is used not only at the “Transformers» Ferrari California, but the coupe Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG. Seven-speed gearbox, even in the sluggish mode switch spends no more than 0.4 s, and for cooling clutch running in an oil bath, a special radiator. A characteristic feature of korobkiF1-DC for Ferrari – an electronically differentsialE-Diff, which blocks the packet clutch hydraulically in just 0.05 seconds.
These photos I made back in 2009, and now they have come in handy. Interior parts made of magnesium alloy, demonstrate technological growth and Ferrari as never before attention to detail.
Electromechanical parking brake and steering servo – something not necessarily in a mid-Ferrari. But all this – in the list of standard equipment. By the way, push-button “hammer” was the sole source of the electronic glitch during the test. After a long drive on a track machine is producing error system. Restart all agreed … Anti-friction pad, partly solving the problem of proximity of the central tunnel and the accelerator, used to be made of steel. Now plastic. But before you complain about hiding in the dark corners of the interior sins, look at my picture six years ago – Pedal F430.
By tracking force, which loads in addition to the maximum speed of the car – which is about 300 kg – the base comparable to Italia for dedicated track version F430 Scuderia. However, streamlining a “four hundred fifty-eighth” better drag coefficient Cx dropped to 0.34. Here are a bunch of aerodynamic tweaks! Flat bottom and diffuser accelerate the air flow under the machine, flexible flaps in the front air intakes fall under its influence, increasing downforce and redirecting some of the air to the radiators for better cooling of the engine. Ducts in the front wings reduces lift, removing the air inside the wheel arches.
In general, the first mid-engined Ferrari in 1965 was the homologation coupe 250 LM Pininfarina Stradale Speciale (was built only 32 cars) with a twelve-motor. A first “stud” with a V8 engine behind the seats was Dino 308 GT4. Especially want to focus on in 1975 appeared beautiful Ferrari 308 GTB, which are drawn by Leonardo Fioravanti. Initially, the production line went the machines with fiberglass bodies, and two years later they were replaced by steel. Behind the double cockpit and roared carburetor vpryskovym three-liter “eight” power from 214 to 255 power. The fastest “three hundred eight” 100km/chza reached 6.5 seconds. There was a light-modification – Ferrari 208, equips two-liter “eight” in the atmospheric and turbocharged versions (155-220 troops). Just ten years of production was about 13 thousand cars of this family.
Model 328, replacing the Ferrari 308, took over in 1985. Like its predecessor, the “three hundred twenty-eighth” was a double wishbone suspension in a circle. Targa coupe version and equipped with two engines – V8 3.2 (270 hp and 313 N • m) and a turbocharged V8 2.0 (254 “horses”). With both the pair worked five-step “mechanics”. Low (4285 mm in length) and lightweight (1273 kg) car with “eight” 3.2 jumps up to a hundred in 5.5 seconds at a top speed of impressive features 262km/ch.Odnako “horse” had to shell out a tidy sum – $ 58 400 in 1985. Until 1989 gobylo made 7400 cars.
In 1989 he came to the stage Ferrari 348. This time the body styles were already three – compartment (Berlinetta), targa and roadster (Spider). Model with a steel space frame is shorter (4230 mm), but the curb weight has increased to 1370 kg. No problem – the rear axle mounted longitudinally worked new “eight” 3.4, issuing 300 forces on TB and TS versions and 320 “horses” on GTB, GTS and Spider. The fastest version with five-speed “mechanics” put the arrow on the speedometer mark “100″ in 5.3 seconds. The list of standard equipment are ABS, traction control and Launch Control. Peerless “three hundred forty-eight,” was released in 8844 the number of pieces.
One of the most beautiful Ferrari – F 355 – was born in May 1994. Under the elegant bodywork hiding seriously upgraded V8 engine from its predecessor. Enlarged to 3.5 liters displacement, five valves per cylinder instead of four – in the end the brainchild of Italian minders possessed 375 “horses”. But even more happy customers more – to choose a transmission. Towards a new six-speed “mechanics” added “robot» F1. With the “handle” coupe weighing 1444 kg accelerates to 4.7 s 100km/chza. The top speed was 295km / h Prior to 1999, made 11,273 cars. By the way, one of them starred in the blockbuster Michael Bay’s “The Rock” with Sean Connery and Nicolas Cage.
The end of 1999 – beginning of production Ferrari 360 Modena. The model received an aluminum space frame, developed in partnership with Alcoa. The design was a 40% stiffer and 28% lighter than traditional tubular cells. The new V8 3.6 engine was not only productive (400 hp, 373 N • m), but the former is easier to “eight”. Gearbox – six “mechanics” and “robot” – have been modernized. Potyazhelevshie bit (up to 1450 kg) Ferrari 360 reached hundred in 4.5 seconds. Those whom it was not enough, the proposed version of the 360 Challenge Stradale: thinner to 110 kg and received a bonus 25 “horses”, it is dispersed to hundred for 4,1 seconds. In 2005 it was replaced with “three hundred and sixtieth” came Ferrari F430.
Supercar Ferrari F430, went on sale in 2005, was the evolution of the model 360 Modena – the novelty has improved on almost all fronts. Completely original body (plastic of “winged metal”) panels have not improved drag coefficient, but increased downforce. Under them – upgraded aluminum frame group Alcoa. Spatial design of new alloys has become harsher – by 20% in torsion and by 8% in bending. Rose and security – in a frontal impact by 40% and 105% at running back. Compartment length increased from 4481 to 4512 mm, width and wheelbase remain the same – 1923 and 2600 mm respectively. Have not changed and the scheme suspension – double wishbones in a circle made of aluminum. Dvuhdverka originally supplied with an electronically shock absorbers and four-brakes with cast iron discs, but for a fee you can get karbonokeramicheskie “pancakes” with six-piston calipers. The engine, as before, was resting behind the seats within the base. But it was a completely new engine – furiously roaring eight-unit cylinder capacity of 4.3 liters, in an asset which was 490 hp and 465 N • m Aluminum “eight” boasted five valves per cylinder instead of four, phase shifters at the inlet and exhaust intake system with a rotating drum, with which by electronics resonant vibrations. Also equipped with the engine lubrication system with a dry sump and oil-water heat exchanger, which is placed in the collapse of the block. Traction to the rear axle fitted with a multi-disc differential lock muftoyE-Diff, which comes either through a six-step “mechanics” or through shestidiapazonny “robot» F1 (switching time steps – 150 ms). Before hundreds coupe weighing 1450 kg accelerates for 4 s, and a mass of 1520 kg roadster – for 4.1. Maximum speed was equal to 315 and 310km/chsootvetstvenno. In addition to these modifications, the Italians later brought to market lighter and more powerful version F430 Scuderia and the F 430 Scuderia Spider 16M (both to 510 troops), featuring the upgraded brakes and a stiffer suspension. In Europe, the basic machine requested from 175 euros, and in Russia – from 210 thousand euros. Issue in Maranello ended in the first half of 2009.
Since Italia is very popular on the client test-drive, we had to take this in stages. Therefore, apart from Sergei Krestova (pictured above) and his friendly team of visual and worked alongside photographer Ian Segal, and Vitaly Shkurin operator, and, apparently, all in the wording, who uses a camera or camcorder. It’s amazing how it Oleg Kesselman did not have time to take pictures …